Relationship Between Depression and Specific Health Indicators Among Hypertensive African American Parents and Grandparents

African Americans are at greater risk for hypertension than are other ethnic groups. This study examined relationships among hypertension, stress, and depression among 120 urban African American parents and grandparents. This study is a secondary analysis of a larger nurse-managed randomized clinical trial testing the effectiveness of a telemonitoring intervention. Baseline data used in analyses, with the exception of medication compliance, were collected at 3 months' follow-up. Health indicators, perceived stress, and social support were examined to determine their relationship with depressive symptoms. A total of 48% of the variance in depressive symptomology was explained by perceived stress and support. Health indicators including average systolic blood pressure explained 21% of the variance in depressive symptomology The regression analysis using average diastolic blood pressure explained 26% of the variance in depressive symptomology Based on study results, African Americans should be assessed for perceived stress and social support to alleviate depressive symptomology.