The Impact of Anemia on Nursing Home Residents

 The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to describe the prevalence and treatment of anemia and test the impact of anemia on physical and psychosocial outcomes at baseline and following restorative care interventions. A total of 451 residents from 12 nursing homes participated in this study. The average age of the participants was 83.74 (SD = 8.24), the majority were female (79%), White (66%), and unmarried (90%). A total of 245 (54%) residents were anemic, and 66% were treated with at least one medication. Physical performance was worse in those with anemia, and those with anemia associated with chronic kidney disease had lower self-efficacy and outcome expectations for functional activities than those without anemia. There was no time by treatment interaction between those with and without anemia. The findings provide some additional support for the prevalence of anemia and suggest that those with anemia associated with chronic kidney disease are less motivated to engage in functional activities.