Urban populations

Multilevel Correlates of Satisfaction with Neighborhood Availability of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

 Background
Little is known about influences on perceptions of neighborhood food environments, despite their relevance for food-shopping behaviors and food choices.
Purpose
This study examined relationships between multilevel factors (neighborhood structure, independently observed neighborhood food environment, individual socioeconomic position) and satisfaction with neighborhood availability of fruits and vegetables.
Methods

Urban Hypertensive African American Grandparents: Stress, Health, and Implications of Child Care

Because stress is a major factor in hypertension, research on parenting stressors and lifestyle behaviors of grandparents with hypertension is important. This study describes urban African Americans caring for grandchildren and examines effects of perceived parenting stressors on hypertension self-management. Hypertensive African American grandparents (N = 49) residing in a large Midwestern city participated in the study. Structured interviews collected descriptive data and the Index of Parental Attitudes (IPA).

Severe Fatigue and Depressive Symptoms in Lower-Income Urban Postpartum Women

The purpose of this study was to identify whether severe postpartum fatigue at 1 and 3 months postpartum was associated with depressive symptomatology at 6 months in lower-income urban women. A convenience sample of 43 lower-income postpartum women completed the Modified Fatigue Symptoms Checklist and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression scale at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum. Participants who were severely fatigued at both 1 and 3 months postpartum were significantly more likely to exhibit depressive symptomatology at 6 months.

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