Pediatrics

Parental Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Survey (PHPVS): Nurse-Led Instrument Development and Psychometric Testing for Use in Research and Primary Care Screening

The purpose of this article is to describe the development and results of the psychometric evaluation of the Parental HPV Survey (PHPVS). The PHPVS was developed in 2007 in response to the debut of the HPV vaccine and the controversy that followed. During the spring of 2007, nurses and other health care providers discussed with policy makers and public health officials which parents would or would not vaccinate their child or adolescent with the HPV vaccine. The PHPVS was developed and then psychometrically tested so researchers would have an instrument to use in health promotion research.

The Symptom Cluster Experience Profile Framework

  Purpose/Objectives: To present the novel Symptom Cluster Experience Profile (SCEP) framework for guiding symptom research in adult survivors of childhood cancers and other subgroups at risk for high symptom burden.

California's Young Hispanic Children With Asthma: Disparities in Health Care Access and Utilization of Health Care Services

 Research is needed to examine what factors determine the health care utilization patterns of Hispanic children with asthma. The purpose of this study was to profile California's Hispanic children with asthma, from 1 to 5 years of age, including their demographics, their health care access, their asthma severity, their disability due to asthma, and their health care utilization patterns. An overall sample of 149 children (N = 149) was used, whose parents reported that they were Hispanic and had a current MD diagnosis of asthma.

Children's bicycle helmet use and injuries in Hillsborough County, Florida before and after helmet legislation.

 The purpose of this research was to explore the changes in children's bicycle helmet use and motor vehicle bicycle related injuries in Hillsborough County, Florida before and after passage of the Florida's bicycle helmet law for children under the age of 16. The results show a significant increase in bicycle helmet use among children, ages 5-13, in the post-law years compared with the pre-law years. Also, there has been a significant decline in the rates of bicycle related motor vehicle injuries among children in the post-law years compared with the pre-law years.

Pediatric Palliative Care Revisited: A Vision to Add Life

The concept of pediatric palliative care should be analyzed to gain a better understanding of how to address the needs of children living with life-threatening illnesses. According to Walker and Avant, this article identifies uses of the concept, defines its critical attributes, describes a model case, describes additional cases, and identifies antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents. The analysis is useful to researchers and clinicians with a focus on pediatric palliative care.

Continuing bonds: A human response within paediatric palliative care. International Journal of Palliative Nursing

 The concept of continuing bonds (CB) is a human response to health and illness within paediatric palliative care. This literature review aims to: define and explain the significance of CB; describe the history of the concept; critically analyze the literature related to CB; and make recommendations for future research. Exploration of CB as a response to life-threatening illness and to losing a child is significant in terms of improving care for children and their families living with life-threatening illness.

Assessing the Needs of the Pediatric Palliative Care Nurse: History of Palliative Care

 The concept of palliative care originally evolved from the hospice philosophy of meeting gaps in care for seriously ill and dying patients. The Latin word palliate means “conceal or alleviate symptoms without curing” (Romesburg, 2007). The earliest recording of the word palliate can be traced to the late 14th century, where it originated in Elizabethan and Indo-European traditions (Morris, 1998).

Reliability of the Nursing Child Assessment of Feeding Scale during toddlerhood.

The quality of the maternal-child feeding interaction has been proposed to be an important contributor to a child's being overweight, yet assessment of this proposition has been hindered by a lack of age-appropriate instrumentation. The primary aim of this study was to examine the reliability of the Nursing Child Assessment of Feeding Scale (NCAFS) if extended to use during toddlerhood. A longitudinal design was used to assess NCAFS reliability at 12, 24, and 36 months.

The Association of Neighborhood Poverty With Personality Change in Childhood

The child sample of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (n.d.) was analyzed to examine the relation of undesirable personality change in early childhood to neighborhood economic deprivation. Participants in the survey who had complete data at Time 1 (3-4 years of age) and Time 2 (5-6 years of age) and who remained in the same neighborhood during both time periods were included in the analyses.

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