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How symptoms effect healthcare utilization and cost in older adults receiving home healthcare.

In healthcare, we tend to focus on the patient’s disease, rather than symptoms, though symptoms are central to the patient experience. Symptoms have been found in other settings to be poorly recognized and managed, yet drive healthcare utilization, cost, and patient satisfaction. In home healthcare (HHC) symptoms have not been deeply explored. We examined a 5% sample of 2011–2012 Medicare OASIS, MEDPAR, and Carrier file data (N=2,061,168) to better understand how symptoms effect care.

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors

BACKGROUND: Depression is a common yet often unrecognized consequence of stroke, affecting between 25% and 70% of all survivors. Untreated depression post-stroke leads to a poorer prognosis and increased mortality. However, the pattern and profile of post-stroke depression in chronic stroke are poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the independent predictors of depressive symptoms in chronic stroke.

A preliminary investigation of symptom pattern and prevalence before and up to 6 months after implantation of a left ventricular assist device

Despite increased use of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) in patients with advanced or end-stage heart failure; little is known about the reoccurrence of common heart failure symptoms (e.g., fatigue) after LVAD implantation. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and pattern of selected heart failure symptoms and identify changes in symptom patterns before and up to 6 months after LVAD implantation. We used self-report questionnaires to collect data from patients (n = 12) and measure symptoms at baseline, 1 and 2 weeks, and 1, 3, and 6 months after LVAD.

Perceived Cognitive Function in Breast Cancer Survivors: Evaluating Relationships with Cognitive Performance and Other Symptoms using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Cognitive Scale

CONTEXT: Perceived cognitive impairment (PCI) has been shown to be one of the most common symptoms after breast cancer treatment. However, this symptom does not always correlate with objective cognitive performance and is often highly associated with other patient-reported symptoms.

The Symptom Cluster Experience Profile Framework

  Purpose/Objectives: To present the novel Symptom Cluster Experience Profile (SCEP) framework for guiding symptom research in adult survivors of childhood cancers and other subgroups at risk for high symptom burden.

Does "Asymptomatic" Mean Without Symptoms for Those Living with HIV Infection?

Throughout the history of the HIV epidemic, HIV-positive patients with relatively high CD4 counts and no clinical features of opportunistic infections have been classified as "asymptomatic" by definition and treatment guidelines. This classification, however, does not take into consideration the array of symptoms that an HIV-positive person can experience long before progressing to AIDS. This short report describes two international multi-site studies conducted in 2003-2005 and 2005-2007.

Symptom Burden of Fatigue in Men and Women Living With HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

HIV-related fatigue is a debilitating and disabling symptom that persists for months and years. In 743 HIV/AIDS patients from Southern Africa, the authors found ratings of HIV-related fatigue to be highly prevalent. The authors conducted a secondary data analysis within the theoretical context of the University of California, San Francisco Symptom Management Model.

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