Genetic Thrombophilia Variants and Risk for Preeclampsia Among American Indians

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of thrombophilic genetic variants in an American Indian population and determine if they are associated with preeclampsia. METHODS: A total of 87 cases, 165 controls and an additional 75 population-based controls were genotyped for two thrombophilic polymorphisms. RESULTS: The allelic prevalence of the factor V Leiden and 20210 G/A prothrombin variants in this population was 2.1% and 0.5% respectively. No statistically significant associations between these genetic variants and preeclampsia were found.

Preeclampsia: Exposing Future Cardiovascular Risk in Mothers and Their Children

There is an increased risk for future cardiovascular disease in women who have had preeclampsia. In infants born to mothers with preeclampsia, there is growing evidence of increased risk for both cardiovascular disease and preeclampsia. Epidemiologic and experimental data provide a strong link between intrauterine exposure to preeclampsia and subsequent risk for the development of cardiovascular disease in women.

Placental Insufficiency: Programming of Leptin Secretion, Blood Pressure, and Postnatal Growth in Two Generations of Sprague-Dawley Rats

Regulatory process may be altered in response to the intrauterine environment, leading to the development of altered growth trajectory and disease later in life. Previously, our lab reported reduced leptin levels in pregnant hypertensive Sprague-Dawley rat dams with placental insufficiency. The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between leptin levels, growth and hypertension in two generations of offspring exposed to placental insufficiency. Leptin levels were significantly different only at 12 weeks in female first generation offspring (p < 0.05).

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