Obesity

A Comprehensive School Health Program to Reduce Disparities and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Overweight At-Risk Youth

Background: South Asian Immigrants (SAIs) are the second fastest growing Asian immigrant population in the US, and at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) than the general US population. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the principal cause of mortality globally, particularly in diabetic subjects. In this study, we sought to determine the; 1) distribution of risk factors for CAD in diabetic and non-diabetic SAIs; and 2) presence of sub-clinical CAD in diabetic and non diabetic SAIs in the US.

Combating Disparities in Leisure Time Physical Activity in Underserved Children through Community-Academic Partnerships and a Comprehensive School-Based Program

Engaging in regular physical activity is widely accepted as an effective preventative measure for a variety of obesity-related chronic diseases including diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Disparities exist where racial/ethnic minority and low-income children do not meet these recommendations. Rather, they are spending the majority of their leisure time engaging in sedentary activities (e.g. using the computer, playing video games or watching television). The school years are known to be a key stage in the life course for shaping attitudes and behaviors.

An Overview of the Genomics of Metabolic Syndrome

Purpose: This article provides a brief overview of the diagnostic criteria and genomic risk factors for the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Organizing Constructs: Contributions of cardiovascular, obesity, and diabetes genomic risk factors to the development of MetS as reported in the literature have been reviewed.

Measuring Food Availability and Access in African-American Communities

 Obesity is a major public health concern in the U.S. As compared to whites, minority populations are disproportionately at risk, with the highest prevalence rates of overweight and obesity occurring among African American women. Although researchers and policymakers argue that environmental approaches have the greatest potential to reverse the rising prevalence of obesity, critical gaps remain in our understanding of the complex mechanisms that underlie the associations between neighborhood food environments and weight status.

US secondary schools and food outlets

 We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805 m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and convenience stores, while schools in African-American versus White neighborhoods generally have fewer food outlets.

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