Health Disparities

Study Protocol: Mobile Improvement of Self-Management Ability through Rural Technology (mI SMART).

There are 62 million Americans currently residing in rural areas who are more likely to have multiple chronic conditions and be economically disadvantaged, and in poor health, receive less recommended preventive services and attend fewer visits to health care providers. Recent advances in mobile healthcare (mHealth) offer a promising new approach to solving health disparities and improving chronic illness care.

Part B: The Feasibility and Acceptability of mI SMART: A Nurse-Led Technology Intervention for Multiple Chronic Conditions in Primary Care

Background: An opportunity to improve care of multiple chronic conditions for those living in rural areas of the country may exist through the use of technology. Integrating technology interventions into existing rural health systems allows for increased access to healthcare services and augments self-management ability for patients. However, questions remain about acceptability and feasibility of technology use in rural populations.

Part A: The Development of mI SMART: A Nurse-Led Technology Intervention for Multiple Chronic Conditions in Primary Care

Background: The treatment of Multiple Chronic Conditions (MCC) is complex for both patients and providers. Used as integrated tools, technology may decrease complexity, remove the barrier of distance to obtain care, and improve outcomes of care. A new platform that integrates multiple technologies for primary health care called mI SMART (Mobile Improvement of Self-Management Ability through Rural Technology) has been developed. The purpose of this paper is to present to development of mI SMART, a nurse-led technology intervention for treating for MCC in primary care.

Overcoming the triad of rural health disparities: How local culture, lack of economic opportunity, and geographic location instigate health disparities

Objective: To discuss how the effects of culture, economy, and geographical location intersect to form a gestalt triad determining health-related disparities in rural areas.

Health Disparities and Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: Research Findings and Implications for Pediatric Nurses in Advanced Practice

Determine the predictors and correlates of HPV vaccination among girls and boys ages 9 to 13 living in rural Georgia to determine intervention points to increase HPV vaccination knowledge in areas where health disparities exist and HPV vaccine rates are extremely low.

Using Community–Academic Partnerships and a Comprehensive School-Based Program to Decrease Health Disparities in Activity in SchoolAged Children

Many underserved school-age children do not meet the recommended guidelines for physical activity. While children ultimately depend on parents, they also look to schools for their access to developmentally appropriate physical activity.

Training of Community Health Workers to Deliver Cancer Patient Navigation to Rural African American Seniors

Background: Rural African American (AA) seniors may experience significant challenges during cancer treatment. Previous research suggests community health workers (CHWs) can provide effective cancer patient navigation (CPN) support.

Objectives: To develop a Train the Trainers (TTT) program for CHWs in rural Central Virginia who would navigate local AA seniors with cancer and train their support persons to provide similar types of assistance.

Effect of Patient Navigation on Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Community-Based, Randomized Controlled Trial of Urban African American Adults

Purpose: In recent years, colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have increased steadily in the USA, though racial and ethnic disparities persist. In a community-based randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effect of patient navigation on increasing CRC screening adherence among older African Americans.

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