The right person at the right time to ensure high quality and value person-centered care for older adults: scope of practice and other systems-level factors

The Institute of Medicine’s report, Retooling for an Aging America, envisioned care that is responsive to an aging society, with an adequate supply of competent workers and improved delivery systems, including healthcare teams that work together (IOM, 2008).

Implementing practice guidelines and education to improve care of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome

PURPOSE: To develop and implement a program for the management of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and the use of the Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Scoring Tool (FNAST). We evaluated knowledge gain in nurses as a result of implementation of the practice guidelines and education.

SUBJECTS: Participants included 68 nurses employed in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a single facility.

Training of Community Health Workers to Deliver Cancer Patient Navigation to Rural African American Seniors

Background: Rural African American (AA) seniors may experience significant challenges during cancer treatment. Previous research suggests community health workers (CHWs) can provide effective cancer patient navigation (CPN) support.

Objectives: To develop a Train the Trainers (TTT) program for CHWs in rural Central Virginia who would navigate local AA seniors with cancer and train their support persons to provide similar types of assistance.

The Relationship Between Education and Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Among Urban African American Medicare Beneficiaries

PURPOSE: We examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) cancer screening among older African American men.

Low Health Literacy: Overview, Assessment, and Steps Toward Providing High-Quality Diabetes Care

 Although hypotheses about the link between literacy and health outcomes were published in the 1980s,1 the potential consequences of limited literacy in U.S. health care settings was brought to the attention of the larger clinical and health policy communities by a study published in 1995.

Facilitating Behavior Change With Low-literacy Patient Education Materials

  Objective: To describe a process for developing low-literacy health education materials that increase knowledge and activate patients toward healthier behaviors.

Predictors of perceived breast cancer risk and the relation between perceived risk and breast cancer screening: a meta-analytic review.

 BACKGROUND: Perceived risk is a principal variable in theoretical models that attempt to predict the adoption of health-protective behaviors.
METHODS: This meta-analysis synthesizes findings from 42 studies, identified in PubMed and PsycInfo from 1985 onward. Studies examined demographic and psychological variables as predictors of perceived breast cancer risk and the relationship between perceived risk and breast cancer screening. Statistical relationships, weighted for sample size, were transformed to effect sizes and 95% CIs.

Culture as an influence on breast cancer screening and early detection

To explore how culture may play a part in breast cancer screening, early detection, and efforts to decrease breast mortality.
Data Sources:
Journal articles published in the past 20 years on cultural aspects of cancer prevention and control.

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