Disability

CAPABLE: A bio-behavioral-environmental intervention to improve function and health-related quality of life of disabled, older adults

OBJECTIVES: To determine effect size and acceptability of a multicomponent behavior and home repair intervention for low-income disabled older adults.

DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled pilot trial.

SETTING: Participants' homes.

PARTICIPANTS: Forty low-income older adults with difficulties in one or more activities of daily living (ADLs) or two or more instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).

Leg Strength and Gait Speed Predict Enrollment in an Exercise Study among Stroke Survivors with Mild-Moderate Disability

Background: Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and is the major contributor to physical and cognitive disability among this population. Exercise is an important aspect of stroke rehabilitation to reduce disability.

Objective: To determine if functional disability, physical function, cognitive impairment, age or gender are predictive of enrollment in an exercise study among stroke survivors with mild-moderate disability.

Aerobic Endurance and Leg Strength are Predictive of Gait Velocity among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors

Background: Gait velocity is an objective, fundamental indicator of post-stroke walking ability. Most stroke survivors have diminished aerobic endurance and paretic leg strength, with one or both of these conditions affecting their gait velocity. Other reported underlying factors affecting gait velocity include functional disability, balance and cognitive impairment.

Objective: To examine potential independent predictors of gait velocity in chronic stroke.

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