Using Gene Expression Analysis to Examine Changes in Loneliness, Depression and Systemic Inflammation in Lonely Chronically Ill Older Adults

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of LISTEN (Loneliness Intervention) on loneliness, depression, physical health, systemic inflammation, and genomic expression in a sample of lonely, chronically ill, older adults. Methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal randomized trial of LISTEN, a novel intervention based on theories of narrative and cognitive restructuring to target specific aspects of loneliness. Twenty-three older, lonely, chronically ill adults were recruited from a family medicine clinic in West Virginia.

Parental perceptions of the neighborhood context and adolescent depression

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between parental perceptions of the neighborhood context and adolescent depression including potential gender differences in outcomes.

DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Descriptive correlational study. A total of 32,499 parents of adolescents aged 12-17 years.

Poor Quality of Life and Low Social Support are Predictive of Depressive Symptoms in Chronic Stroke

Background: Depression is a common yet often unrecognized consequence of stroke, affecting between 20-50% of all survivors. Reported underlying factors affecting depression in acute and chronic stroke include: functional disability, lesion location, time since stroke, female gender, age, cognitive impairment, history of major depression, low social support, poor quality of life, and inferior sleep quality.

Purpose: To examine potential independent predictors of depressive symptoms in chronic stroke.

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors

BACKGROUND: Depression is a common yet often unrecognized consequence of stroke, affecting between 25% and 70% of all survivors. Untreated depression post-stroke leads to a poorer prognosis and increased mortality. However, the pattern and profile of post-stroke depression in chronic stroke are poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the independent predictors of depressive symptoms in chronic stroke.

The Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Self-Management Behaviors in Patients With T2DM and Stage 3 CKD

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the relationship of depressive symptoms with self-management by adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease.

DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a descriptive correlational design, participants completed Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities measure.

Fatigue in HIV and AIDS: An Analysis of Evidence

HIV-related fatigue continues to be the most common complaint of infected people. No physiological factors have been consistent predictors for fatigue; psychosocial factors, particularly depression, have emerged more consistently in studies. While clinicians would want to rule out common causes of fatigue such as hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, or anemia, there is scant research for most interventions, which makes it difficult to make definitive recommendations for their use.

Satisfaction with Assisted Living: The Unexplored Role of Physical Activity

 In the ongoing Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative Program study, we are testing the impact of Function-Focused Care, which is an approach to care in which we work with assisted living (AL) residents and staff to optimize the functional and physical activities of residents during daily activity. The purpose of this article is to evaluate life satisfaction of AL residents with a focus on the impact of physical activity.

Demands of Immigration, Health Literacy, and Depression in Recent Latino Immigrants

Latino immigrants have unique stressors that can influence mental health. The challenges of adapting to a new society include language barriers, separation from family, and feelings of loss, which can lead to depression. Low health literacy may make it difficult to obtain health care services, and depression may then go untreated. This secondary data analysis examined the relationships of immigration demands, health literacy, and depression in a sample of recent Latino immigrants.

Towards Innovation and a Partnership Future for Mental Health Nursing

  This year's announcement of psychiatrist Professor Patrick McGorry as Australian of the Year has brought mental health into the spotlight.  In a public sense, the award represents a significant acknowledgement of mental health as a growing national concern. After all, 30 per cent of the Australian population experience a mental health problem at any given time.

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