Cancer

Perceived Vulnerability to Cancer and Vaccination in Rural Georgia

The purpose of this secondary analysis was to identify parents' perceived vulnerability of their son or daughter to HPV infection and subsequent cancer.

A Theory-Based Decision Aid for Patients with Cancer: Results of Feasibility and Acceptability Testing of DecisionKEYS for Cancer

PURPOSE: Appropriate utilization of treatment is a goal for all patients undergoing cancer treatment. Proper treatment maximizes benefit and limits exposure to unnecessary measures. This report describes findings of the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a short, clinic-based decision aid and presents an in-depth clinical profile of the participants.

Capturing Treatment Decision Making among Patients with Solid Tumors and Their Support Persons

Purpose/Objectives: To examine the feasibility and acceptability of using a decision aid with an interactive decision-making process in patients with solid tumors and their caregivers during cancer-related treatment.

Research Approach: A phenomenologic approach was used to analyze qualitative data, with a focus on the meaning of participants’ lived experiences. Interviews were conducted by telephone or in person.

Setting: Outpatient clinics at two regional cancer centers.

Putting Evidence into Practice: Evidence-Based Interventions for Cancer and Cancer-Treatment Related Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive impairment is a clinically complex symptom commonly experienced by cancer survivors. Although research in this area has grown, many questions remain regarding underlying mechanisms, trajectory, and specific interventions nurses can offer patients to prevent, treat, and manage cognitive impairment effectively. As part of the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) initiative, a comprehensive examination of the current literature was conducted to identify effective interventions for cognitive impairment in cancer survivors.

Exploring the Role of Community Health Workers in Providing Cancer Navigation: Perceptions of African American Seniors

Purpose/Objectives: To obtain experiential data regarding African American older adult survivors' perceptions of and recommendations on the role of community health workers (CHWs) in providing a cancer navigation intervention.
Research Approach: Focus groups.
Setting: Rural Virginia and urban Maryland.
Participants: 48 African American solid-tumor cancer survivors, aged 65 years or older, with Medicare insurance.

The symptom cluster experience profile framework

 
Purpose/Objectives: To present the novel Symptom Cluster Experience Profile (SCEP) framework for guiding symptom research in adult survivors of childhood cancers and other subgroups at risk for high symptom burden.
Data Sources: Empirically derived model of symptom cluster experience profiles, existing theoretical frameworks, and data-based literature on symptoms and quality of life in adult survivors of childhood cancers.

Hip Hop, Health, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): Using Wireless Technology to Increase HPV Vaccination Uptake

National incidence rates of cervical cancer are disproportionately higher in African-American women, and cancers related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection impose an enormous health burden of over $3.7 billion annually. Current efforts to use Hip Hop culture to address health disparities include disease prevention and health promotion. The use of Hip Hop cultural cues for HPV vaccination uptake and education was developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration. Interventions that incorporate youth values and beliefs are needed to reduce an escalating HPV infection trajectory.

Interventions with Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials

 Family caregivers of cancer patients receive little preparation, information, or support to perform their caregiving role.

Prospective assessment of fatigue and health status in Greek patients with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy.

 PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe fatigue in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy and to explore the impact of fatigue on their health status.
DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, repeated measures.
SETTING: A major oncology center, Saint Savvas Cancer Hospital, in Athens, Greece.
SAMPLE: Consecutive sample of 106 women (mean age = 55 + 12), with histologically confirmed diagnosis for stage I or II breast cancer who were receiving adjuvant radiotherapy for approximately six weeks.

Culture as an influence on breast cancer screening and early detection

 Objectives:
To explore how culture may play a part in breast cancer screening, early detection, and efforts to decrease breast mortality.
Data Sources:
Journal articles published in the past 20 years on cultural aspects of cancer prevention and control.
Conclusions:

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